Each year more than 36,000 million tons of CO2 are released into the Earth’s atmosphere, it is the main source of the Greenhouse Gases that contribute to Climate Change. The most part of these gases comes from the use of fossil fuels, the generation of energy through non-renewable channels and polluting human activities.
The last report of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) pointed out that during the last year recorded (2018), the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere broke all records in the history of humanity. Specifically, the concentration reached 407.8 parts per million (ppm) in 2018, which represents almost a 47% higher level than the pre-industrial period, before 1750.
Top 10 polluters
However, the most part of this pollution comes from just a few countries: China, for example, generates around 30% of all global emissions, while the United States is responsible for almost 14%. In the ranking below you can find the 10 countries that produce the most emissions, measured in Millions of tons of CO2 in 2019.
1. China, with more than 10,065 million tons of CO2 released.
2. United States, with 5,416 million tons of CO2
3. India, with 2,654 million tons of CO2
4. Russia, with 1,711 million tons of CO2
5. Japan, 1,162 million tons of CO2
6. Germany, 759 million tons of CO2
7. Iran, 720 million tons of CO2
8. South Korea, 659 million tons of CO2
9. Saudi Arabia, 621 million tons of CO2
10. Indonesia, 615 million tons of CO2
Here you can see the Top 5 polluters of carbon dioxide from 2018, along with their global share and the evolution each country has experienced since the 70’s.